… Arabians dominate the discipline of endurance riding…. They are one of the top ten most popular horse breeds in the world. Arabian horses have refined, wedge-shaped heads, a broad forehead, large eyes, large nostrils, and small muzzles. … and naturally high tail carriage. … Some individuals have wider, more powerfully muscled hindquarters suitable for intense bursts of activity … while others have longer, leaner muscling better suited for … endurance riding …The breed standard … describes Arabians as standing between 14.1 to 15.1 hands … the Arabian horse is noted for a greater density of bone than other breeds… Thus, even a smaller Arabian can carry a heavy rider.
For centuries, Arabian horses lived in the desert in close association with humans. …prized war mares were sometimes kept in their owner’s tent, close to children and everyday family life.Only horses with a naturally good disposition were allowed to reproduce, with the result that Arabians today have a good temperament … the Arabian is also classified as a “hot-blooded” breed, a category that includes other refined, spirited horses bred for speed, such as…the Thoroughbred.
The Arabian Horse Association registers purebred horses with the coat colors bay, gray, chestnut, black, and roan. Bay, gray and chestnut are the most common… All Arabians, no matter their coat color, have black skin, except under white markings. Black skin provided protection from the intense desert sun.
Arabians are one of the oldest human-developed horse breeds in the world. The … “Proto-Arabian” was a horse … similar to the modern Arabian. Horses with these features appeared in rock paintings and inscriptions in the Arabian Peninsula as far back as 2500 BC….… the proto-Arabian came from the area along the northern edge of the Fertile Crescent [and] the southwestern corner of the Arabian peninsula…[They] may have been domesticated by the people of the Arabian peninsula known today as the Bedouin, [and] some time after they learned to use the camel, approximately 4,000–5,000 years ago. … hardy Arabian horses needed far more water than camels in order to survive [most horses can only live about 72 hours without water]. Where there was no pasture or water, the Bedouin fed their horses dates and camel’s milk. …