Tutankhamun Coffin

What is Archeology?

What is Archeology?

Archeology is the study of ancient cultures and people. Below are excerpts  from Wikipedia.

Archeology… is the recovery and [study of what ancient cultures left behind. This includes bones, pieces of pottery, statues, figurines, buildings, pictures.] Archeology studies human prehistory and history from the development of the first stone tools… 4 million years ago up until recent decades.  

SOB skull

 

 

 

 

 

 

 First excavations

SOBstonehengeOne of the first sites to undergo archeological excavation, was Stonehenge and other megalithic (big stone) monuments in England….

Excavations were also carried out in the ancient towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum, both of which had been covered by ashes during the Eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79. …[the towns were complete with] utensils… human shapes,and ancient frescos, (wall paintings)…

Development of the archeological method

William Flinders Petrie… was the first to scientifically investigate the Great Pyramid in Egypt  … Petrie developed the system of dating layers based on pottery and ceramic findings…[and trained] a whole generation of Egyptologists, including Howard Carter who went on to [discover] the tomb of… pharaoh Tutankhamun

The first… excavation to reach wide popularity [was the discovery] of ancient Troy…by Heinrich Schliemann…Archaeology became a professional activity in the first half of the 20th century [when it became] possible to study archaeology as a subject in universities … By the end of the 20th century nearly all professional archaeologists, at least in developed countries, were graduates.

Troy

2 thoughts on “What is Archeology?

  1. Shari Stauch

    Interesting stuff – always nice to wake up to photos of skulls and standing stones, lol. Love archaeology, think that might’ve been my other career path… How’s the new book coming?

    Reply
    1. Wes Phelan Post author

      Thanks. New book is finished and ready for serious copyedit.(I can’t write without lots of goofs) I contacted the person you mentioned, but at a minimum of 3+ cents a word, that would be rough financially, especially for the next 2 months. Do you have any opportunities I should be ready for?

      Reply

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