The Bedouin are … predominantly desert-dwelling Arabian [people]. …most Bedouins have abandoned their nomadic and tribal traditions for modern urban lifestyle, [but] they retain the traditional Bedouin culture … several times a year… they gather with other Bedouins to partake in, and learn about, Bedouin traditions [such as] poetry recitation… sword dances… tent knitting and [playing] Bedouin musical instruments. Traditions like camel riding and camping in the deserts are also popular leisure activities for urbanised Bedouins ….
[Bedouins have a] hierarchy of loyalties based on [the closeness of the family ties. For example, a Bedouin would be more loyal to his father or brother than he would be to a distant cousin] … The individual family unit …[consists] of three or four adults (a married couple plus siblings or parents) and any number of children. The largest [level] of [social] interactions is the tribe. [The tribe is] led by a Sheikh (literally, “old man”). The tribe often claims descent from one common ancestor…
Historically, the Bedouin engaged in nomadic herding, agriculture and sometimes fishing. They also earned income by transporting goods and people across the desert. Scarcity of water and [suitable land for farming and grazing] required them to move constantly. Continue reading