What is Archeology?
Archeology is the study of ancient cultures and people. Below are excerpts from Wikipedia.
Archeology… is the recovery and [study of what ancient cultures left behind. This includes bones, pieces of pottery, statues, figurines, buildings, pictures.] Archeology studies human prehistory and history from the development of the first stone tools… 4 million years ago up until recent decades.
Excavations were also carried out in the ancient towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum, both of which had been covered by ashes during the Eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79. …[the towns were complete with] utensils… human shapes,and ancient frescos, (wall paintings)…
Development of the archeological method
William Flinders Petrie… was the first to scientifically investigate the Great Pyramid in Egypt … Petrie developed the system of dating layers based on pottery and ceramic findings…[and trained] a whole generation of Egyptologists, including Howard Carter who went on to [discover] the tomb of… pharaoh Tutankhamun…
The first… excavation to reach wide popularity [was the discovery] of ancient Troy…by Heinrich Schliemann…Archaeology became a professional activity in the first half of the 20th century [when it became] possible to study archaeology as a subject in universities … By the end of the 20th century nearly all professional archaeologists, at least in developed countries, were graduates.