In SOUL OF THE BEAST,there is an ancient map that shows an ocean separating India from the Asian continent.The map is fiction, but the ocean was real and is called the Tethys Ocean.
The ancient ocean existed until the land mass of India shifted north and collided with Asia. When India and Asia came together, that eliminated the ocean and forced the land up. This elevation of the land is known today as the Himalayan Mountains. The movement of continents is called continental drift or tectonic shift and is still happening today.
Tectonic drift didn’t just happen between Asia and India. If you look at a map of the world, you’ll see that the continents of Europe, Africa, North America and South America fit together like large pieces of a puzzle. That is because they were once part of a single and much larger land mass called Pangaea. (See the map above.) Unlike the collision of the Asia and India continents eliminating an ocean, here the movement of tectonic plates created large bodies of water and split the “super continent” into smaller continents.
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Pangaea (pan-JEE-ə) was asupercontinentthat existed … approximately 300 million years ago. It began to break apart around 200 million years ago. The name Pangaea is derived from Ancient Greek [words] pan meaning “entire”, and Gaia meaning “Mother Earth”. The name was coined during a 1927 symposium discussing the theory of continental drift. A scientist named Wegener postulated that, prior to breaking up and drifting to their present locations, all the continents had at one time formed a single supercontinent. Originally, this theory was rejected because it was thought that nothing could move a landmass as large as a continent. We now know that continents do move. [The movement] is called continental drift or tectonic plate movement…The break-up of Pangaea continues today in the Red Sea Rift and East African Rift.
The progression from a single supercontinent to the continents of today is shown in the pictures to the left.
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